Essay On Metro Rail In India

Hyderabad Metro Rail

OwnerGovernment of Telangana, L&T
LocaleHyderabad, Telangana, India
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines2 (Operational)
3 (Phase I)
Number of stations24 (Operational)
64 (Phase I)
Daily ridership60,000
Annual ridership720,000
HeadquartersMetro Bhawan, Begumpet, Hyderabad
Began operation29 November 2017[1]
Operator(s)Hyderabad Metro Rail Ltd. (HMRL)
System length30 km (19 mi) (operational)
66.56 km (41.36 mi) (Phase I)[2]
97 km (60 mi) (Phase II - Planned)
No. of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV, 50 Hz AC through overhead catenary
Average speed35 km/h (22 mph)
Top speed90 km/h (56 mph)
System map

Hyderabad Metro is a rapid transit system, serving the city of Hyderabad, Telangana, India.[3] It is in Secant Operational model. It is being implemented entirely on public-private partnership (PPP) basis,[4] with the state government holding a minority equity stake.[5] The 30 km stretch from Miyapur to Nagole, having 24 stations was inaugurated on 28 November 2017 by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi.[6][7] No other rapid transit metro service in India opened for public operations on such a long stretch of 30 km.[8][9] It is estimated to cost ₹18,800 crore (US$2.9 billion). At present, only about 60,000 people use the Metro per day. Trains are moderately crowded during the morning and evening hours, when employees travel to and from work, but they run nearly empty early in the morning, afternoon, and at night.[10]


L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad Limited is the Concessionaire for this Project. They are responsible for construction, operation and maintenance of this Project which is built on PPP Basis.


To respond the rising public transport needs and mitigate escalating vehicular traffic in the twin-cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad, the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh Government and the South Central Railway zone jointly launched the Multi Modal Transport System (MMTS) in [August] 2003.[11] This Rs. 167 crores worth transport system, 50 percent[11] of which was financed by the State Government and the remaining by used the already existing rail lines of the Indian Railways[12] in and around Hyderabad making it a highly cost effective one. However, within months of starting of its operation, it became apparent that it has been met with poor response.[13] The reasons for this dismal response include poor punctuality of trains, lack of dedicated tracks for MMTS services, and absence of feeder bus services limiting the network's reach.[14]

Though the ridership of the MMTS has increased over the years, the failure in augmentation of the services in line with the increasing ridership has led to its unpopularity among 150,000[15] passengers who avail the services daily. This notwithstanding, the Union Ministry of Urban Development, in October 2003, gave its nod for the Hyderabad Metro Rail Project and directed the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation to conduct a survey on the project.[13] Involving an investment of over Rs.4000 crores, this project was seen necessary in view that the population of Hyderabad was forecasted to reach 13.6 million by the year 2021.[13] According to the initial plan, the metro was to be connected with the already existing MMTS to provide commuters with alternate modes of transport. Simultaneously, the proposals for taking up the construction of MMTS Phase-II were also taken forward.[12] Like Delhi, Hyderabad's metro project is ambitious in scope and swift in execution. Following a construction period of just five years, the first phase, comprising three lines totalling 71 km with 66 stations is expected to be completed in November 2018.[16] It is also a technical pioneer, bringing CBTC to an Indian city for the first time.[17]

Construction history[edit]

The construction of the entire 71.16 km has been split into 6 stages with the first stage originally scheduled to be completed by March 2015[18][19]

In November 2013, L&T Hyderabad Metro started laying of rails on the metro viaduct between Nagole and Mettuguda, a stretch of 8 km.[20]

The first highly sophisticated train of the Hyderabad Metro Rail (HMR) came from Korea during the third week of May 2014. Stringent trial runs commenced from June 2014 till February 2015.[21] The trial runs started on the Miyapur to Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar stretch in October 2015.

CMRS inspection for Stage-II (Miyapur and S.R.Nagar Section) was done on 9, 10 August 2016.[22] Three interchanges are planned at Mahatma Gandhi Bus Terminus, Parade Grounds and Ameerpet.[23]

The steel bridge of the HMR was successfully placed over the Oliphant bridge in August 2017.[24][25]

In November 2017, Commissioner of Railway Safety (CMRS) granted safety approval for 12 km stretch from Miyapur to SR Nagar, 10 km stretch from SR Nagar to Mettuguda and 8 km stretch from Nagole to Mettuguda.[26]


The mascot of Hyderabad Metro Rail is Niz. It was derived from the word Nizam, who ruled the princely state of Hyderabad.[27]

Awards and nominations[edit]

HMR project was showcased as one of the top 100 strategic global infrastructure projects at the Global Infrastructure Leadership Forum held in New York during February–March 2013.[28][29]

L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad Limited (LTMRHL) has been conferred the SAP ACE Award 2015 in the 'Strategic HR and Talent Management[30]' category.

Construction Phases[edit]

The construction work will be undertaken in two phases. There are six stages of completion in Phase I.

Phase I[edit]

The Phase I of the project includes 3 lines covering a distance of around 66.56 km. The metro rail stretches between Nagole and Secunderabad 11 km originally scheduled to be operational by December 2015, is now partially operational since 29 November 2017. The entire 66.56 km 57-station first phase is due to be completed by December 2018 with Ameerpet-Hitech City line to be completed by June 2018.[31]

  • Line 1 - Red Line - Miyapur – L B Nagar - 29.21 km (18.15 mi)
  • Line 2 - Green Line - Parade Grounds– MGBS - 10.06 km (6.25 mi)
  • Line 3 - Blue Line - Nagole – Raidurg - 29 km (18 mi)

Six Stage Construction Schedule[edit]

StageTarget SectionDistanceLineLine Colour
Stage 1NagoleMettuguda8.01 km (4.98 mi)Line IIIBlue
Stage 2MiyapurS R Nagar11.9 km (7.4 mi)Line IRed
Stage 3MettugudaAmeerpet9.4 km (5.8 mi)Line IIIBlue
Stage 4AmeerpetRaidurgam9.43 km (5.86 mi)Line IIIBlue
Stage 5S R NagarLB Nagar17.31 km (10.76 mi)Line IRed
Stage 6JBSMGBS10.06 km (6.25 mi)Line IIGreen
Total66.56 km (41.36 mi)

Phase II[edit]

The Government sanctioned second phase of metro rail extending further.[32] The proposed routes are as following:

Initial Bidding[edit]

The bidding process was completed by July 2008 and awarded to Maytas which failed to achieve financial closure for the project as per schedule By March 2009. In July 2009, the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh Government cancelled the contract and called for fresh bids for the project.


In the July-2010 rebidding process, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) emerged as the lowest bidder for the ₹121.32 billion (US$1.9 billion) project. L&T came forward to take up the work for about ₹14.58 billion (US$220 million) as viability gap funding as against the sanctioned ₹48.53 billion (US$740 million).

Construction stage[edit]

Groundbreaking (Bhoomi Puja) for the project was conducted on 26 April 2012[33] the concessionaire started the pillar erection on the same day for Stage-I and on 6 June 2012 for Stage-II.[34] The work for Corridor 2 has been delayed due to traders in Koti and Sultan Bazar demanding realignment of the route to safeguard traders and old age heritage markets.[35] If the recent bill proposed in Parliament which allows construction within a 100 metre radius of heritage structures and sites of historical or archaeological importance is passed, Metro might receive a chance as it helps to connect the Old city with IT corridor.[36]


  • Metrorail work under Progress near Secunderabad Railway Station as of June 2016

  • Segments being placed at the Uppal station as of March 2013

  • The Uppal Station under construction as of April 2014

  • Metrorail work under Progress on Mettuguda-Nagole Line near Uppal as of October 2014

  • Metrorail work under Progress on Miyapur-LB Nagar line near KPHB as of October 2014

  • Bharat Nagar Metro Station under construction

Current status[edit]

LineLine ColourFirst operationalLast extensionStationsLengthTerminalsRolling stockTrack gauge
Line 1Red29 November 20172729.21 km (18.15 mi)MiyapurL.B Nagar143525 kV OHE
Line 2Green1610.06 km (6.25 mi)Jubilee Bus StationMGBS143525 kV OHE
Line 3Blue29 November 20172429 km (18 mi)NagoleRaidurg143525 kV OHE
Total6766.56 km (41.36 mi)

Phase 1 was opened to the public on 29 November 2017, split into two lines.[37][38][39]

SectionLineLine ColourLength (km)TerminalsOpening date
Reach 1Line 1Red13MiyapurAmeerpet29 November 2017
Reach 2Line 2Blue17AmeerpetNagole29 November 2017


Delhi Metro


Metro Train for Delhi

The project of Delhi Metro is sure to change the existing state of transport. The idea of Metro train in Delhi is not a new, in fact the idea was brought into consideration about some fifty years back, but the bureaucracy red—tapism made it to take a such a long period to some into reality. However in December 26, 2002, people of Delhi got the first ride in this much awaited dream train.

    The people of Delhi are happy with the service rendered by the Metro because now they have an alternate to the suffocatingly and ill-managed packed blue line buses and the inadequate service of D.T.C and C.N.G buses. With the Metro option, the passengers are not only save from the inconvenience of the road transport, but they also experience a world class service at very affordable fares. Metro train same like a warm sunshine on a foggy morning.

    With the start of Metro, the burden on the roads reduced. People of Delhi won’t have to wait for the buses for the long time. It saves the valuable time and money too. The coaches of Metro are fully air-conditioned. Another outstanding feature of the netro is that it is very useful for handicapped. The speed of Metro Rails is good enough to meet the needs of growing population in Delhi. It also saves the people from population of vehicles.

     The construction work of the Delhi Metro is on at a considerable pace and it is hoped that the people of other areas in Delhi will soon be able to avail of this amazingly comfortable train service. It is foreseen by many that at the completion of this project, Delhi will have a better train facility than even Japan and North Korea, the countries which provided the present metro trains to India.

June 2, 2016evirtualguru_ajaygourEnglish (Sr. Secondary), Languages2 CommentsEnglish 10, English 12, English Essay Class 10 & 12, English Essay Graduation, English Speech, Short Paragraph

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