The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 2nd October, 1869, at Porbander. He was married to Kasturba when he was 12. He went to England for higher studies. He became a barrister and came back to India in 1891.
Gandhiji went to South Africa in 1893 and stayed there for 12 years. He first practied his non-violent agitation there. He was fighting for the cause of the Indians who were getting unjust treatment.
Back in India in 1915, he met Lokmanya Tilak and Gopal Krishna Gokhale and joined the freedom struggle. Gandhiji launched the non-cooperation movement against the British. All the people of India were with him.
Gandhiji was totally opposed to violence. He was an apostle of peace. With his iron-will and kind manner, he united the people of India in their struggle for freedom. He went to jail many times. Without firing a single bullet, he won independence for India on 15th August,1947.
The partition of India and the death of millions of people in the riots left Gandhiji deeply shattered. He began a fast unto death to stop the killing and succeeded in his aim.
On January 30, 1948, while going for a prayer meeting, Gandhiji was short dead by Nathu Ram Godse. The beloved leader of the nation had passed away, leaving the people of India alone.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar, in the present-day Indian state of Gujarat. His father was the dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar; his deeply religious mother was a devoted practitioner of Vaishnavism (worship of the Hindu god Vishnu), influenced by Jainism, an ascetic religion governed by tenets of self-discipline and nonviolence. At the age of 19, Mohandas left home to study law in London at the Inner Temple, one of the city’s four law colleges. Upon returning to India in mid-1891, he set up a law practice in Bombay, but met with little success. He soon accepted a position with an Indian firm that sent him to its office in South Africa. Along with his wife, Kasturbai, and their children, Gandhi remained in South Africa for nearly 20 years.
Did You Know?
In the famous Salt March of April-May 1930, thousands of Indians followed Gandhi from Ahmadabad to the Arabian Sea. The march resulted in the arrest of nearly 60,000 people, including Gandhi himself.
Gandhi was appalled by the discrimination he experienced as an Indian immigrant in South Africa. When a European magistrate in Durban asked him to take off his turban, he refused and left the courtroom. On a train voyage to Pretoria, he was thrown out of a first-class railway compartment and beaten up by a white stagecoach driver after refusing to give up his seat for a European passenger. That train journey served as a turning point for Gandhi, and he soon began developing and teaching the concept of satyagraha (“truth and firmness”), or passive resistance, as a way of non-cooperation with authorities.