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Sexual Maturity, Reproductive Pattern and Spawning Female Population of the Blue Swimming Crab, Portunus pelagicus (Brachyura: Portunidae) in East Lampung Coastal Waters, Indonesia
Zairion *, Yusli Wardiatno , Achmad Fahrudin
- Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
Little is known about the biology of the blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus in east Lampung coastal waters, Indonesia; despite in fishery point of view this species has valuable contribution to the country. We examined the gonad development and the occurrence of ovigerous females for determining the mean size at sexual maturity, reproductive pattern and spawning female population of the crab in East Lampung coastal waters. The mean size of males and females reached sexual maturity (Lm50) at 98-mm and 103-mm carapace width (CW), respectively. Reproductive pattern was partially spawners, seasonal-continuous throughout in the year with the peak spawning and breeding in April to June and October to November. Most female at the size >111-mm CW showed double breeding in a season. The relative percentage of all ovigerous females below the size of Lm50 was considerably low (±2%), spawning female population at 103-170.9-mm CW size range and the ratio of ovigerous to adult females above the average value found in 116-165.9-mm CW size range. Using 115-mm CW as minimum legal size would conserve ±21.38% spawning female as breeding population.
Physiological Maturity, Portunus pelagicus, Reproductive Periodicity, Spawning Female Population, Indonesia.
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMSMalacostraca | Decapoda | Portunidae
Environment / Climate / Range EcologyBenthic; brackish; depth range 1 - 78 m (Ref. 96667). Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 30°E - 135°W
Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | IntroductionsIndo-Pacific. From East Africa to French Polynesia, north to Japan and south to Australia. Tropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age Maturity: Lm2.6  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm CW male/unsexed; (Ref. 343)
Short description Morphology
Carapace finely granulose, regions just discernible; 9 teeth on each anterolateral margin, the last tooth 2 to 3 times larger than preceding teeth. Chelae elongated in males; larger chela with conical tooth at base of fingers; pollex ridged. Color: olive to dark green, with 3 prominent maroon to red spots on posterior 1/3 of carapace. Easily distinguished from other species by its very distinct color markings.
Occurs from the intertidal zone (especially juveniles) to depths of 30 m. Inhabits sandy to sandy-muddy substrates (Ref. 343). Also in brackish water (Ref. 801). Subtropical and tropical climates (Ref. 343). Mainly a predator of sessile and slow-moving benthic macroinvertebrates (Ref. 102720); may be a scavenger (Ref. 100855). Omnivore (Ref. 116259). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Berried females found throughout the year; abundant from October to November and February to May with peak in February (Ref. 99882).
Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Main reference References | Coordinator | CollaboratorsNg, P.K.L. 1998. (Ref. 343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
CMS (Ref. 116361)
Threat to humans
Human uses Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.3 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 1552 cells).Resilience High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Vulnerability Low vulnerability (10 of 100)