Portunus Sanguinolentus Classification Essay

Total views : 1340

Sexual Maturity, Reproductive Pattern and Spawning Female Population of the Blue Swimming Crab, Portunus pelagicus (Brachyura: Portunidae) in East Lampung Coastal Waters, Indonesia

Zairion *, Yusli Wardiatno , Achmad Fahrudin

Affiliations

  • Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia


DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i7/69368

Abstract


Little is known about the biology of the blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus in east Lampung coastal waters, Indonesia; despite in fishery point of view this species has valuable contribution to the country. We examined the gonad development and the occurrence of ovigerous females for determining the mean size at sexual maturity, reproductive pattern and spawning female population of the crab in East Lampung coastal waters. The mean size of males and females reached sexual maturity (Lm50) at 98-mm and 103-mm carapace width (CW), respectively. Reproductive pattern was partially spawners, seasonal-continuous throughout in the year with the peak spawning and breeding in April to June and October to November. Most female at the size >111-mm CW showed double breeding in a season. The relative percentage of all ovigerous females below the size of Lm50 was considerably low (±2%), spawning female population at 103-170.9-mm CW size range and the ratio of ovigerous to adult females above the average value found in 116-165.9-mm CW size range. Using 115-mm CW as minimum legal size would conserve ±21.38% spawning female as breeding population.


Keywords

Physiological Maturity, Portunus pelagicus, Reproductive Periodicity, Spawning Female Population, Indonesia.


Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 1396)

References


  • Lai JCY, Ng PKL, Davie PJF. A revision of the Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) species complex (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae), with the recognition of four species. RBZ 2010; 58(2):199-237.
  • Capture fisheries statistics of Indonesia year 2011. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Capture Fishery- Ministry of Marine Affair and Fishery of Indonesia; 2012.
  • Stearns SC. Life-history tactics: A review of the ideas. The (Q Rev Biol).1976; 5(1):3-47.
  • Stearns SC. Essay Review: Trade-offs in life-history evolution. Funct Ecol. 1989; 3(3):259-68.
  • Robertson WD, Kruger A. Size at maturity, mating and spawning in the portunid crab Scylla serrata (Forskal) in Natal, South Africa. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci. 1994; 39(2):185– 200.
  • Sukumaran KK, Neelakantan B. Spawning biology of two marine portunid crabs, Portunus (Portunus) sanguinolentus (Herbst) and Portunus (Portunus) pelagicus (Linnaeus) from the Karnataka Coast. The Fourth Indian Fisheries Proceeding, 24-28 November 1996; Kochi, India: 1999; p. 35–8.
  • Campbell A, Eagles MD. Size at maturity and fecundity of rock crabs, Cancer irroratus, from the Bay of Fundy and south western Nova Scotia. FB. 1983; 81(2):357–62.
  • Addison JT, Bennett DB. Assessment of minimum landing sizes of the edible crab, Cancer pagurus L. on the east coast of England. Fish Res. 1992; 13(1):67–88. doi:10.1016/0165-7836(92)90034-Q.
  • Ungfors A. Sexual maturity of the edible crab (Cancer pagurus) in the Skagerrak and the Kattegat, based on reproductive and morphometric characters. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2007; 64:318–27.
  • Morgan MJ. Integrating reproductive biology into scientific advice for fisheries management. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Science. 2008; 41:37–51. doi:10.2960/J.v41.m615.
  • Udoh JP, Nlewadim AA, Ofor C. Maturity estimation in male swimming brachyuran crab, Callinectes amnicola (De Rocheburne, 1883) (Decapoda , Portunidae) in the imo river estuary, Nigeria. NJAFE. 2009; 5(2-4):61–71.
  • Gerhart SD, Bert TM. Life-history aspects of stone crabs (Genus Menippe): Size at maturity, growth, and age. Journal of Crustacean Biology. 2008; 28(2):252–61.
  • Pillay KK, Nair NB. The annual reproductive cycles of Uca annulipes, Portunus pelagicus and Metapenaeus affinis (Decapoda: Crustacea) from the South-west coast of India. Marine Biology. 1971; 11(2):152–66.
  • Sukumaran KK, Neelakantan B. Relative growth and sexual maturity in the marine crabs, Portunus (Portunus) sanguinolentus (Herbst) and Portunus (Portunus) pelagicus (Linnaeus) along the southwest coast of India. Indian J Fish. 1996; 43(3):215–23.
  • Sukumaran KK, Neelakantan B. Sex ratio, fecundity, reproductive potential of two marine portunid crabs, Portunus (Portunus) sanguinolentus (Herbst) and Portunus (Portunus) pelagicus (Linnaeus), along the Karnataka coast. Indian J Mar Sci. 1997; 26:43–8.
  • Sukumaran KK, Neelakantan B. Maturation process and reproductive cycle in two marine crabs, Portunus (Portunus) sanguinolentus (Herbst) and Portunus (Portunus) pelagicus (Linnaeus) along the Karnataka coast, India. Indian J Fish. 1998; 45(3):257–64.
  • Sahoo D, Panda S, Guru BC. Studies on reproductive biology and ecology of blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus from Chilika Lagoon, Orissa, India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 2011; 91(1):257–64. doi: 10.1017/ S0025315410000354.
  • Batoy CB, Sarmago JF, Pilapil BC. Breeding season, sexual maturity and fecundity of the blue crab, Portunus pelagicus L. in selected coastal waters in Leyte and vicinity, Philippines. ATR. 1987; 93:157–77.
  • Ingles JA, Bkaum E. Reproduction and larval ecology of the blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus, in Ragay Gulf, Philippines. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie. 1989; 74(5):471–90. doi:10.1002/iroh.19890740503
  • Ikhwanuddin M, Shabdin ML, Abol-Munafi AB. Size at maturity of blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus) found in Sarawak Coastal Waters. JSSM. 2009; 4(1):56–68.
  • Ikhwanuddin M, Azra MN, Siti-Aimuni H, Abol-Munafi AB. Fecundity, embryonic and ovarian development of blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus 1758) in coastal waters of Johor, Malaysia. Pakistan J Biol Sci. 2012; 15(15):720–28. doi:10.3923/pjbs.2012.720.728.
  • Castiglioni DS, Negreiros-Fransozo ML. Physiologic sexual maturity of the fiddler crab Uca rapax (Smith, 1870) (Crustacea, Ocypodidae) from two mangroves in Ubatuba, Brazil. An International Journal of Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. 2006; 49(2):239–48.
  • Gonzalez-Gurriaran E, Freire J. Sexual maturity in the velvet swimming crab Necora puber: Morphometric and reproductive analyses. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 1994; 51:133–45.
  • Hall NG, Smith KD, de Lestang S, Potter IC. Does the largest chela of the males of three crab species undergo an allometric change that can be used to determine morphometric maturity? ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2006; 63:140–50.
  • Rasheed S, Mustaquim J. Size at sexual maturity, breeding season and fecundity of three-spot swimming crab Portunus sanguinolentus (Herbst, 1783) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) occurring in the coastal waters of Karachi, Pakistan. Fish Res. 2010; 103:56–62. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2010.02.002.
  • Pinheiro MAA, Fransozo A. Sexual maturity of the speckled swimming crab Arenaeus cribrarius (Lamarck, 1818) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae), in the Ubatuba littoral, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Crustaceana. 1998; 71(4):434–52.
  • Muino R, Fernandez L, Gonzalez-Gurriaran E, Freire J, Vilar JA. Size at maturity of Liocarcinus depurator (Brachyura: Portunidae): A reproductive and morphometric study. JMBA. 1999; 79(2):295–303.
  • Potter IC, de Lestang S, Melville-Smith R. The collection of biological data required for management of the blue swimmer crab fishery in the central and lower west coasts of Australia. Murdock University; Perth (AU): Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (FRDC) Report; 2001 Mar. 56 p. FRDC Project; Report No.:97/137.
  • de Lestang S, Hall NG, Potter IC. Reproductive biology of the blue swimmer crab (Portunus pelagicus, Decapoda: Portunidae) in five bodies of water on the west coast of Australia. FB. 2003; 101(4):745–57.
  • Marochi MZ, Moreto TF, Lacerda MB, Trevisan A, Masunari S. Sexual maturity and reproductive period of the swimming blue crab Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 (Brachyura: Portunidae) from Guaratuba Bay, Paraná State, Southern Brazil. Nauplius. 2013; 21(1):43-52.
  • Oh CW, Hartnoll RG. Size at sexual maturity, reproductive output, and seasonal reproduction of Philocheras trispinosus (Decapoda) in Port Erin Bay, Isle of Man. Journal of Crustacean Biology. 1999; 19(2):252-59.
  • Choy SC. Reproductive biology of Liocarcinus puber and L. holsatus (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) from the Gower Peninsula, South Wales. Marine Ecology. 1988; 9(3):227–41. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0485.1988.tb00330.x
  • Hines AH. Allometric constraints and variables of reproductive effort in brachyuran crabs. Marine Biology. 1982; 69(3):309-20.
  • Hines AH. Geographic variation in size at maturity in brachyuran crabs. Bull Mar Sci. 1989; 45(2):356-68.
  • Sumpton WD, Potter MA, Smith GS. Reproduction and growth of the commercial sand crab, Portunus pelagicus (L.) in Moreton Bay, Queensland. Asian Fish Sci. 1994; 7(2&3): 103-13.
  • Pinheiro MAA, Fransozo A. Reproduction of the speckled swimming crab Arenaeus cribrarius (Brachyura: Portunidae) on the Brazilian Coast near 23°30'S. Journal of Crustacean Biology. 2002; 22(2):416-28.
  • Wardiatno Y, Zairion. Study on bio-ecology of the blue swimming crab and bio-economic performance of crab fishery in order to propose of spawning ground protection. Research project report. Bogor (ID): The Indonesia Blue-swimming Crab Management Association (APRI) in cooperation with Department of ARM-FFMS-IPB; 2011.
  • Potter IC, de Lestang S. Biology of the blue swimmer crab (Portunus pelagicus) in Leschenault Estuary and Koombana Bay, South Western Australia. J Roy Soc West Aust. 2000; 83(4):443-58.
  • Smith KD, Hall NG, de Lestang S, Potter IC. Potential bias in estimates of the size of maturity of crabs derived from trap samples. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2004; 61: 906–12. doi:10.1016/ j.icesjms.2004.07.019.
  • Soundarapandian P, Varadharajan D, Boopathi A. Reproductive biology of the commercially important portunid crab, Portunus sanguinolentus (Herbst). J Mar Sci Res Dev. 2013. 3(2):1-9. doi:10.4172/2155-9910.1000124.
  • Soundarapandian P, Ilavarasan N, Varadharajan D. Reproductive system of flower crab, Charybdis feriata (Linnaeus). Open Access Scientific Reports. 2013; 2(4):1–7. doi:10.4172/scientificreports.701.
  • King M. Fisheries biology, assessment, and management. Oxford (GB): Fishing News. Books/Blackwell Scientific Books; 1995.
  • Fowler J, Cohen L. Practical statistics for field biology. New York (US): John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 1992.
  • Campbell GR, Fielder DR. Size at sexual maturity and occurrence of ovigerous females in three species of commercially exploited portunid crabs in SE, Queensland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 97; 1986; p. 79–87.
  • Johnson DD, Gray CA, William G, Macbeth WG. Reproductive biology of Portunus pelagicus in a South-East Australian Estuary. Journal of Crustacean Biology. 2010; 30(2):200–05 doi:10.1651/08-3076.1.
  • Hermanto DT. Study on growth and some reproductive biology aspect of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus) in Mayangan waters, Subang, West Java [bachelor thesis in Indonesian language]. Bogor, (ID): Bogor Agricultural University (IPB); 2004.
  • Sunarto. Bio-ecological characteristic of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus) in Brebes marine waters, Central Java [dissertation in Indonesian language]. Bogor, (ID): Bogor Agricultural University (IPB); 2012.
  • Shield JD, Wood FEI. Impact of parasites on the reproduction and fecundity of the blue sand crab Portunus pelagicus from Moreton Bay, Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 1993; 92:159-70.
  • de Lestang S, Hall NG, Potter IC. Changes in density, age composition, and growth rate of Portunus pelagicus in a large embayment in which fishing pressures and environmental conditions have been altered. Journal of Crustacean Biology. 2003; 23(4): 908-19. doi:10.1651/C-2376.
  • Dixon CD, Hooper GE. Blue crab (Portunus pelagicus) 2009/2010, Stock assessment report to PIRSA Fisheries. South Australian Research and Development Institute (Aquatic science); 2011. Adelaide (AU): SARDI Publication; SARDI Report Series. (531). Report No.:F2007/000729-7
  • de Lestang S, Hall NG, Potter IC. Influence of a deep artificial entrance channel on the biological characteristics of the blue swimmer crab Portunus pelagicus in a large microtidal estuary. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol. 2003; 295:41-61. doi:10.1016/ S0022-0981(03)00273-9.
  • Chang Y, Sun C, Chen Y, Yeh S, Chiang W. Reproductive biology of the spiny lobster, Panulirus penicillatus, in the southeastern coastal waters of Taiwan. Marine Biology. 2007; 151(2):553-64. doi:10.1007/s00227-006-0488-9.
  • Fisher MR. Effect of temperature and salinity on size at maturity of female blue crabs. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 1999; 128(3):499-506. doi: 10.1577/15488659(1999)128.0499.
  • Dineshbabu AP, Sreedhara B, Muniyappa Y. Biology and exploitation of the blue swimmer crab, Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758), from south Karnataka coast, India. Indian J Fish. 2008; 55(3):215–20.
  • Safaie M, Pazooki J, Kiabi B, Shokri MR. Reproductive biology of blue swimming crab, Portunus segnis (Forskal, 1775) in coastal waters of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, Iran. IRAN J FISH SCI. 2013; 12(2):430–44.
  • Costa TM, Negreiros-Fransozo ML. The reproductive cycle of Callinectes denae Smith, 1969 (Decapoda: Portunidae) in Ubatuba Region, Brazil. Crustaceana. 1998; 71(6): 615–27.
  • Santos S, Negreiros-Fransozo ML. Reproductive cycle of the swimming crab Portunus spinimanus Latreille (Crustacea, Oecapoda, Brachyura) from Ubatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Revista Brasileira de Zoologia. 1999; 16(4):1183–93.
  • Brown CE. Ovarian morphology, oogenesis, and changes through the annual reproductive cycle of the female blue crab, Callinectis sapidus Rathbun, in Tampa Bay [master thesis]. Tampa, Florida (US): College of Marine Science, University of South Florida (USF); 2009.
  • Kumar MS, Xiao Y, Venema S, Hooper G. Reproductive cycle of the blue swimmer crab, Portunus pelagicus off Southern Australia. JMBA. 2003; 83(5):983–94.
  • Svane I, Bryars S. Blue crab biology and key biological determinants important to the fishery, Chapter II. In: Svane I. and Cheshire A. editors. Fisheries biology and spatial modelling of the blue swimmer crab (Portunus pelagicus). SARDI Aquatic Sciences Publication; SARDI Research Report Series. (117): 2005. RD98/0200-2. p. 26–59.
  • Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO); Stock assessment for fishery management: A framework guide to the stock assessment tools of the Fisheries Management Science Programme (FMSP). Rome (IT): FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. 2006; (487).
  • Myers RA, Mertz G. The limit of exploitation: a precautionary approach. Ecol Appl. 1998; 8(1, supplement):s165–9.
  • Caddy JF, Mahon R. Reference point for fisheries management. Rome (IT): FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. 1995; (347).
  • Corgos A, Freire J. Morphometric and gonad maturity in the spider crab Maja brachydactyla: a comparison of methods for estimating size at maturity in species with determinate growth. ICES J Marine Sci. 2006; 63:851–9. doi:10.1016/j.icesjms.2006.03.003.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17485/ijst%2F2015%2Fv8i7%2F69368

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Portunidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 1 - 78 m (Ref. 96667).  Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 30°E - 135°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific. From East Africa to French Polynesia, north to Japan and south to Australia. Tropical to temperate.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm2.6  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm CW male/unsexed; (Ref. 343)

Short description Morphology

Carapace finely granulose, regions just discernible; 9 teeth on each anterolateral margin, the last tooth 2 to 3 times larger than preceding teeth. Chelae elongated in males; larger chela with conical tooth at base of fingers; pollex ridged. Color: olive to dark green, with 3 prominent maroon to red spots on posterior 1/3 of carapace. Easily distinguished from other species by its very distinct color markings.

Occurs from the intertidal zone (especially juveniles) to depths of 30 m. Inhabits sandy to sandy-muddy substrates (Ref. 343). Also in brackish water (Ref. 801). Subtropical and tropical climates (Ref. 343). Mainly a predator of sessile and slow-moving benthic macroinvertebrates (Ref. 102720); may be a scavenger (Ref. 100855). Omnivore (Ref. 116259). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Berried females found throughout the year; abundant from October to November and February to May with peak in February (Ref. 99882).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ng, P.K.L. 1998. (Ref. 343)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Not Evaluated 

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.3 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 1552 cells).

Resilience High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability Low vulnerability (10 of 100)

Price category

0 thoughts on “Portunus Sanguinolentus Classification Essay”

    -->

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *