One Child Policy Essay Outline

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One-Child Policy

The policy was enforced stringently in urban areas while allowing some exceptions for rural areas and for families where the couple were the single child of their respective families or parents whose child was disabled or dead. There was the huge penalty for violating the policy norm of one child in urban areas. The family was charged for having the second child, all welfare amenities were withdrawn and the promotion of working parents withheld.

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One-child policy

The assessments of the varied schools of economics regarding the influence of the population and the demographic makeup of a nation on its economic development tend to vary a lot. While some schools of economics happen to be utterly optimistic regarding this issue, others happen to be cynically pessimistic.

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China's new one child policy

Ultrasound selection of foetuses is not legal, but the cultural bias is so strong in favour of male children that people break this law. The OCP has been criticized since its inception as being against human rights, barbaric and totalitarian.

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Chinas One Child Policy

This policy takes effect during 1979 and requires all couples in mainland China to have no more than one child. However, this policy is somehow misconceived. Contrary to the common knowledge that One Child Policy is implemented in the entire China, the Economic and Social Commissions for Asia and the Pacific states that "the actual location varies from location to location." Accordingly, in most rural areas, families are allowed to have two children if the first child is female.

2 pages (500 words)Essay

China's One Child Policy

Al, “The Effect of the One-Child Policy on Fertility in China: Identification Based on the Differences-in-Differences”). The law was introduced by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, in order to restrict both the urban and rural couples to have more than a single child.

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One-child policy

While some schools of economics happen to be utterly optimistic regarding this issue, others happen to be cynically pessimistic. Most of the China observers while delving on the

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Is One Child Policy in China Effective

Population growth rate is critical to social and economic development. High population growth affects the rate at which an economy grows and/or develops. On the same note, overpopulation results in poor social standards and/or lifestyles. In this respect, China formulated and subsequently implemented the one-child policy in early 1980s.

4 pages (1000 words)Essay


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One Child Policy in China


In an attempt to stop the rapid population growth, the China government introduced the China One Child Policy. The law was established in 1979 as a population control measure. Its main aim was to enable children to have better access to healthcare and education among other benefits (Greenhalgh and Susan 15). Couples found to have more than one child are punished under the law. The law however, poses problems to the citizens in the country (Fong and Vanessa 6). Research shows that there is a population growth rate of 0.7 percent which causes a relative rise in the number of elderly people. The elderly need constant care and are highly dependent on their children for support.

The law has changed the population growth in a big way and has resulted to abortions in China. This can be seen by the decrease in the population birth rate by 2011 whereby the population has decreased to 1.64 percent in contrast to the population birthrate in the 1970s (Greenhalgh and Susan 20).This has forced the government to deal with decreased labor force in the country, rapidly ageing population and an imbalance in gender. The United Nation estimates that China has the biggest but rapidly ageing population. The working age has fallen by 3.71 million as estimated by the National Bureau of Statistics. This has led to a decline in the Economic growth of the country and an increase in unemployment cases.

Reports from the University of Leicester show that contraception used by mothers is under the control of the government (Fong and Vanessa 5). An Intra Uterine Device is recommended for mothers with more than one child with imposed sterilization. Subsequently, official data shows that Doctors in China have carried out 330 million abortions and implanted 403 million Intra Uterine Devices on mothers since the implementation of the law. Moreover, 196 million sterilizations have also been reported in women. In an already male dominated society, most women are aborted since men are valued more. Gender balance has thus been distorted with men constituting a very high population percentage. This serves as a delinquent of growth because the society will not develop in a balanced way. The combination of male boldness and female perception is required for the growth of a society.

References

Greenhalgh, Susan. Just one child: science and policy in Deng's China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008. Print.
Fong, Vanessa L. Only Hope: Coming of Age Under China's One-Child Policy. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 2006. Print.

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