Oscola Referencing Cases In Bibliography

In April 2014, the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) was introduced to facilitate easier location and citation of EU case law. The Court of Justice adopted this system and has assigned an ECLI to all decisions made by the EU courts since 1954. Member States are considering whether to adopt the new numbering.

This is an example of an ECLI:


EU indicates the decision was delivered by an EU Court or Tribunal

C indicates the decision was delivered  by the Court of Justice (T would indicate the General Court, F would indicate the Civil Service Tribunal)

2014 is the year the decision was delivered

317 indicates it was the 317th ECLI attributed in respect of that year.

Until the 5th edition of OSCOLA is published, guidance on using the ECLI is as follows. Insert an ECLI after the case name and before the report citation, in the same way as neutral citations are used in cases from the UK High Courts. If there is no report citation, or the case is unreported, use the ECLI on its own.

Examples of how to cite the ECLI in the OSCOLA style

Case C-176/03 Commission v Council EU:C:2005:542, [2005] ECR I-7879

Case C-542/09 Commission v the Netherlands EU:C:2012:346

The following pages will show you how to:

  • cite cases and legislation, i.e. the ‘primary’ sources of law, in the accepted way
  • refer to ‘secondary’ sources such as books, journals and government reports in your work
  • cite using OSCOLA, the Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities, fourth edition.

View the pages in order using the arrow below or jump directly to a page using the links in the panel on the left.




This resource was devised by Cathie Jackson and Ian Bradley, Information Services staff at Cardiff University and was partly funded by the UK Centre for Legal Education. The 4th edition revisions have been added by Matthew Davies and Lynn Goodhew. OSCOLA is produced by the Oxford University Law Faculty and further details in the use of the OSCOLA style can be found on the OSCOLA website.

0 thoughts on “Oscola Referencing Cases In Bibliography”


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *